Black Panther Animal

The article is written by Pavlo Chaika, the chief editor of the "Piznavayka" magazine. Since its founding in 2013, Pavlo Chaika has been dedicated to popularizing science in the world. The main goal, both of the magazine and of this article, is to explain complex scientific topics in a simple and accessible language.

Black Panther


  • Why is Panther Black?

  • Black Panther: Description and Characteristics. What Does a Black Panther Look Like?

  • Black Panther Habitat

  • Black Panther Diet

  • Black Panther Lifestyle

  • Black Panther Lifespan

  • Panthers Reproduction

  • Interesting Facts About Black Panthers

  • References and Further Reading

    The panther is not a separate biological species, but a whole genus of the cat family, which includes such formidable predators as the lion, tiger, jaguar, and leopard. So the black panther is usually a leopard or jaguar with black color.

    Why is Panther Black?

    The black color of the panther is caused by special mutations in the animal’s genes, known as melanism. Such a mutation is very common among the predatory cat family. For example, half of all local leopards in Malaysia are black panthers with melanism.

    The black color of these animals has practical importance (after all, nature is always wise in its actions). So many black panthers live in dense forests, where (with a lack of lighting) dark animals are less noticeable, which makes their lives much easier.

    Black Panther

    Black Panther: Description and Characteristics. What Does a Black Panther Look Like?

    What color are panthers? All the panthers are black (black colors makes them panthers after all). Although if you’d look at the panther more closely, you can see that its fur is covered with dark spots of different shades.

    How big is a panther? Panthers are quite big predators. The black panther weight is about 40-50 kg. If we are talking about black panther size, then this animal can reach up to two meters in length.

    Besides this panthers have four big and powerful paws, with long and sharp claws, which are drawn into the fingers.

    Black Panther

    A panther’s head is very big, elongated, with small ears. A black panther’s eyes have medium size and large pupils. Besides this, the panther has sharp teeth and powerful jaws.

    The panther has fur all over the body. Besides this, the panther has a very long tail, which sometimes can be up to half the length of the animal.

    Black Panther

    Black Panther Habitat

    Where do black panthers live? Panthers live in a wide geographical area; many of them live on the African continent, especially in the mountains of Ethiopia and Kenya. They are found in Asia and South America. However, the black panthers of South America have a significant difference from the black panthers of Asia, in America, they are actually black jaguars when in Asia they are black leopards.

    Many people ask “what is the difference between a jaguar and a panther?”, “what is the difference between a leopard and a panther?”. No difference. If you’d meet a panther in America, then it is the same jaguar with melanism. And if you’d meet a panther in Asia or Africa then you’d see the leopard with melanism.

    Black Panther Diet

    What do black panthers eat? All panthers are dangerous predators. If the panther is hungry, it can easily attack any prey, including humans. The panther diet consists of various herbivores: zebras, buffaloes, antelopes. Cows, sheep, horses have high chances to become food for panthers if they lost in the jungle.

    Panthers always go hunting at night, due to the black color, they become almost invisible, which gives them the opportunity to watch for potential prey without any problems.

    Black Panther

    Black Panther Lifestyle

    Panthers, like real members of the feline family, are individualists, preferring to live one, or in pairs of the male + female. Occasionally they can gather in the pride (as lions do) creating a small family of panthers, but this does not happen often.

    Panthers are territorial animals; each panther has its own specific territory (hunting grounds).

    Panthers are nocturnal, due to their black color, thanks to which night hunting is much more preferable than chasing wild game during the day.


    Black Panther Lifespan

    How long do black panthers live? The life span of a panther is on average 10–12 years, but there have been cases when the panther lived up to 20 years.

    Panthers Reproduction

    Panthers reach sexual maturity by the 2-3rd year. The male, finding a suitable female, enters into a sexual relationship with her. Having become pregnant, the female is looking for a safe and comfortable place for childbirth.

    baby panthers

    The pregnancy itself in the female panther lasts 3-3.5 months. Usually, a panther gives birth to two or three small kittens (well, not exactly a kittens). At first, they are blind, and only after a few days, baby panthers open their eyes. Mom panther takes to care for her babies, feeding them with milk, while dad, as a real earner, brings food.

    In general, the panthers are very caring for their children, and at an older age, the mother panther teaches her babies how to move, how to hunt, and other tricks of their animal life.

    baby panthers

    Interesting Facts About Black Panthers

    • We remember the black panther named Bagheera thanks to the book of the English writer Kipling “Mowgli”. Bagheera was one of the main good characters of this book, who gained great popularity in popular culture.
    • The Panther found its place in heraldry – it was the emblem of the English kings Henry IV and Henry VI.
    • The panther is a symbol of Gabon as the personification of valor and courage.

    References and Further Reading

    • Eizirik, E.; Yuhki, N.; Johnson, W. E.; Menotti-Raymond, M.; Hannah, S. S.; O’Brien, S. J. (2003). “Molecular Genetics and Evolution of Melanism in the Cat Family” (PDF). Current Biology. 13 (5): 448–453. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00128-3. PMID 12620197.
    • “Big Cat Facts”. Animal Facts Encyclopedia. Jenise Alongi. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
    • Sunquist, F. (December 2007). “Malaysian Mystery Leopards”. National Wildlife Magazine. 45 (1).
    • da Silva L. G., K.; Kawanishi, K.; Henschel P.; Kittle, A.; Sanei, A.; Reebin, A.; Miquelle, D.; Stein, A. B., Watson, A., Kekule, L. B., Machado, R. B., Eizirik, E. (2017). “Mapping black panthers: Macroecological modeling of melanism in leopards (Panthera pardus)”. PLOS One. 12 (4): e0170378. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170378. PMC 5381760. PMID 28379961.
    • “Arabian leopard (panthera pardus ni. Here in rare black form, an endangered predator, middle east”.

    Author: Pavlo Chaika, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Poznavayka

    When writing this article, I tried to make it as interesting and useful as possible. I would be grateful for any feedback and constructive criticism in the form of comments to the article. You can also write your wish/question/suggestion to my mail or to Facebook.